In order for the general public to access safe and fit food which is free of diseases and unsafe substances, different agencies and independent bodies governed the safety standards of food which are different from state to state. In almost all countries in the world the authority has the responsibility of making sure that the standards and measures of food security standards are enforced while there are bodies and agencies which will ensure that the general public has access to safe food. One of the major and powerful organization in creating these standards as the world health organization. The areas that food safety standards cover include how food is refrigerated or transported, mixing of different types of food, food handling, and food labeling.
The food safety compliance and management system has some requirements discussed briefly in this page. In order to develop safety plans, the implementation of food safety management and requirements is based on the microbiological criteria for food and there are guidelines. It is important to know that there are three key sections involved in implementation of the safety measures of food which is the system requirements, food safety fundamentals that is the building, equipment design, construction and prerequisite programs.
To begin with, the system requirements describe the expected contents of the food safety management system. The senior management has the responsibility of demonstrating its commitment to comply with this code and producing safe food products. The management has a documented management policy that reinforces this commitment and to ensure an effective communication. The senior management has the mandate of allocation of responsibilities and authority, appointing the practitioners, ensuring adequate training and documenting job descriptions.
It is also the responsibility of system requirements to conduct management reviews and to ensure the continuity of the plan. The requirements for food compliance here include the specifications for and control of raw materials, contract service providers, packaging, finished products as well as contract manufacturers. The second key requirements are the compliance with food registration. In this section, there is need for establishing safety fundamentals, control incoming goods and services, safety plans, non-conforming product/equipment procedures, and preventive action procedures.
In the last section of the prerequisite programs, the requirement includes the calibration, maintenance, training, cleaning/sanitation, monitoring of water quality, personnel practices, control of physical contaminants, pest control, transports/delivery, supplier approval, allergen control and waste management. It is important to have preventive safety risks, on-site laboratories, first-aid facilities, staff amenities and protective clothing as well as waste disposal. The requirements on equipment design and construction means that the location or the environment should be suitable and managed to prevent safety risk. There should be availability and maintenance of the equipment, utensils, vehicles, hand washing facilities as a part of the requirements.